Several examinations and tests are available. Your health professional will decide which tests are necessary after discussing your needs with you. The health professionals will examine your feet, ask you questions and analyze your medical file.
A basic physical examination is usually done during a visit to the clinic. This examination includes a general inspection of your feet during which several things are looked at, including the health of the skin on your feet. In medical terms, this is called “skin integrity.” The health professional checks whether:
There are several tests that can be used to detect or confirm if you have any problems affecting your feet, including:
If you have a wound on your foot, the health professional will measure how deep it is using a sterile instrument that does not cause pain. Measuring the depth of the wound shows whether it has reached the bone. If so, it may mean there is an infection and that treatment will be necessary.
A sample will then be taken from the bottom of the wound. Called a “culture”, this sample is used to identify the bacteria that are causing the infection, which then allows the health professional to prescribe the right antibiotic.
If necessary, the following additional tests may be performed:
Good blood circulation in the feet keeps the muscles, tendons, bones and skin healthy. That’s because blood carries the nutrients your feet need to function properly. If you have a wound or infection, blood delivers the oxygen and antibiotics that will help you heal. Good circulation makes it easier for you to get around and go about your daily activities.
Detailed vascular tests will be conducted based on the clinical assessment. We invite you to consult the separate module focusing on peripheral arterial disease (PAD).